Heart disease: Every cause and treatment of it.
IN THIS ARTICLE
Heart disease is a broad term that refers to a malfunctioning heart. Heart disease can be passed down from generation to generation. Congenital heart disease is the term for this. Acquired heart disease occurs when people develop heart disease later in life. The majority of heart disease is acquired.
Types of Heart disease :
There are numerous varieties of heart disease, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. For some people, lifestyle adjustments plus medicine can significantly improve their health. Others may require surgery to restore proper ticker function.
Your heart beats erratically when you have an arrhythmia. Serious arrhythmias can occur on their own or as a result of other heart issues.
Your heart fails to pump blood as efficiently as it should to meet your body’s needs when you have heart failure. Coronary artery disease is the most common cause, however, it can also be caused by thyroid illness, excessive blood pressure, heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), or other disorders.
Four valves in your heart open and close to direct blood flow between the four chambers of your heart, the lungs, and blood arteries. An irregularity may make it difficult for a valve to open and close properly. Your blood will boil as a result.
The most frequent heart condition is CAD. With CAD, you may develop blockages in your coronary arteries, which are the blood vessels that deliver blood to your heart. This can cause a decrease in blood flow to your heart muscle, preventing it from receiving the oxygen it requires. The disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis, also known as artery stiffening.
Coronary heart disease can cause angina (chest pain) or a heart attack.
Pericardial disease refers to any condition of the pericardium, the sac that surrounds your heart. Pericarditis, or inflammation of the pericardium, is one of the more frequent disorders.
It’s frequently caused by a viral infection, inflammatory disorders like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, or pericardial damage. Pericarditis is a common complication of open-heart surgery.
Cardiomyopathy (Heart Muscle Disease)
Cardiomyopathy is a condition that affects the heart muscle, or myocardium. It stretches, thickens, or stiffens. Your heart may become too weak to pump effectively.
There are numerous potential causes of the disease, including inherited cardiac abnormalities, drug or toxin reactions (such as alcohol), and viral infections. Chemotherapy can sometimes result in cardiomyopathy. Often, experts are unable to pinpoint the exact cause.
Congenital Heart Defect
Congenital heart disease occurs when anything goes wrong when a baby’s heart is still developing in the womb. Sometimes the cardiac defect causes issues immediately away, but other times you don’t notice anything until you’re an adult.
Septal anomalies are one of the most frequent congenital cardiac defects.